Blockchain Technologies and Digital Currencies

Overview

We help clients navigate the broad array of legal issues presented by transformative blockchain technology and the rise of digital currencies. BakerHostetler is a leader in advising clients who are deploying blockchain-enabled solutions or developing or using virtual currencies – whether they are integrating the technologies into established operations, re-engineering business practices, or creating new and disruptive applications.

Our clients include businesses and not-for-profit organizations from startups to Fortune 100 companies in local, national and international arenas. Our attorneys collaborate across practice groups to provide practical advice on how to maximize the opportunities presented by the technologies while steering clear of pitfalls in a rapidly evolving legal landscape. We help clients understand how current laws and regulations apply to these technologies, plan or advocate for changes in the regulatory environment, and provide thoughtful insight to companies integrating these technologies into existing and prospective product and service offerings.

Our team understands how and when a cryptocurrency may be a currency, a security, a network utility or a commodity, and the legal and regulatory implications of such designations. We help clients design smart contracts and work with them through the myriad legal issues that arise in initial coin offerings (ICOs) or token generating events (TGEs), including corporate and securities matters, tax issues, and other regulatory hurdles. We also advise clients on privacy and security issues specific to blockchain technologies and digital currencies, including cyber incident response, and represent industry clients in federal and state enforcement actions.

BakerHostetler is also a national leader in the drive to adopt blockchain technology and standardize its use in the legal industry and beyond. We are active members of the Enterprise Ethereum Alliance Legal Working Group and the Accord project, both of which exist to develop standards and protocols to facilitate the legally defensible adoption of blockchain related technologies such as smart (computational) contracts. 

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We collaborate with clients to identify areas in which blockchain technologies will drive changes in existing laws and regulations to accommodate their use in corporate governance, privacy and digital identity, and regulatory oversight, as well as in execution of contractual agreements and maintenance of healthcare and employment records.

Our attorneys provide blockchain and digital currency-related guidance in the following areas:
  • Anti-money laundering and “Know Your Customer” compliance
  • Corporate structures
  • Cryptocurrencies and tokens
  • Cybersecurity
  • Digital identity
  • Government relations
  • Hedge funds
  • Initial coin offerings (ICOs)
  • Intellectual property
  • Litigation, including class action defense
  • Mergers and acquisitions
  • Not-for-profits/foundations/charitable organizations
  • Privacy issues
  • Securities regulation and enforcement
  • “Smart contracts”
  • Startup companies
  • State money transmitter licensing
  • Supply chain and “provenance”
  • Tax strategies – U.S. and international
  • Technology transactions
  • Venture capital
  • White collar defense and investigations
The industries we serve include:
  • Advertising
  • Energy
  • Financial services
  • Healthcare
  • Hospitality
  • Manufacturing
  • Real estate
  • Technology

Select Experience

Securities Law and Financial Services Regulation
  • Counseling multiple companies regarding the evolving regulatory landscape for token generating events such as ICOs.
  • Advising multiple cryptocurrency industry clients on Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act; federal and state money services business registration; Bank Secrecy Act compliance; and consumer protection, privacy and cybersecurity matters.
  • Serving as outside general counsel to a next-phase blockchain company, including advice on intellectual property, employment, corporate and other matters.
  • Representing a blockchain startup in responding to an SEC subpoena related to a prior ICO.
  • Representing a startup seeking to build a blockchain-based securities exchange regulated under Reg ATS.
Government Relations
  • Provided government relations guidance to a prominent blockchain-enabled global payments company regarding federal and state legislative, regulatory and policy issues.
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Professionals

Name Title Office Email
Associate New York
Partner Los Angeles
Partner New York
Associate New York
Patent Attorney Philadelphia
Partner Cleveland
Chief Information Officer
Chief Information Officer Cleveland
Counsel Washington, D.C.
Partner New York
Senior Advisor Washington, D.C.
Partner New York
Partner New York
Partner Cleveland
Partner New York
Partner Washington, D.C.
Partner New York
Partner Cleveland
Partner Washington, D.C.
Partner Cincinnati
Partner Atlanta
Senior Advisor Washington, D.C.
Partner Seattle
Partner Cleveland
Partner Washington, D.C.
Partner New York
Director of Practice Services
Director of Practice Services Cincinnati
Partner New York
Of Counsel New York
Partner New York
Associate New York
Counsel Chicago
Partner Philadelphia
Partner New York
Partner Philadelphia
Chairman Washington, D.C.
Partner New York
Partner New York
Partner New York
Partner Cleveland
Partner Cleveland
Partner New York
Partner New York
Partner Atlanta

Experience

Securities Law and Financial Services Regulation
  • Counseling multiple companies regarding the evolving regulatory landscape for token generating events such as ICOs.
  • Advising multiple cryptocurrency industry clients on Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act; federal and state money services business registration; Bank Secrecy Act compliance; and consumer protection, privacy and cybersecurity matters.
  • Serving as outside general counsel to a next-phase blockchain company, including advice on intellectual property, employment, corporate and other matters.
  • Representing a blockchain startup in responding to an SEC subpoena related to a prior ICO.
  • Representing a startup seeking to build a blockchain-based securities exchange regulated under Reg ATS.
Government Relations
  • Provided government relations guidance to a prominent blockchain-enabled global payments company regarding federal and state legislative, regulatory and policy issues.
Digital Identity, Privacy and Data Protection
  • Advising prominent blockchain digital identity companies on strategies for achieving compliance with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
  • Guided a digital currency platform services provider’s response to a multimillion-dollar cybertheft of bitcoin, including:
    • Incident response
    • Crisis communications
    • Interactions with compromised exchange
    • Client cybersecurity practices and personnel
    • Pre-litigation counseling and preparation
  • Advised a digital currency industry client on response to cybertheft of data and attempted extortion.
Intellectual Property
  • Providing patent prosecution and intellectual property advice to a distributed ledger platform client.
  • Prepared and filed patent applications covering foundational blockchain technologies and application-level technologies layered on blockchain platforms.
  • Collaborated with technologists to develop an intellectual property strategy to protect emerging blockchain-based technologies, including trademark, patent, copyright and trade secret strategies.
Industry-specific Blockchain Advice
  • Representing a major U.S. cryptocurrency exchange in a tax controversy matter.
  • Fund formation and ongoing outside general counsel services for a global blockchain consulting firm.
  • Advising a high net worth individual on cryptocurrency asset recovery and tax compliance.
  • Engaged in discussions on blockchain solutions for the real estate industry with various stakeholders, including government entities, blockchain technology startups and industry representatives.
  • Advised a major financial services company on developing and offering blockchain-enabled products and services, including intellectual property, technology transactions, cybersecurity and data protection issues.
  • Counseling several advertising industry clients on the use of blockchain technology in adtech, including issues related to patents, incentive and reward programs, and use of cryptocurrencies.
  • Participating in ongoing meetings hosted by a major global technology firm related to blockchain supply chain solutions and other enterprise use cases.
  • Participated on a panel of academic, technology and privacy/cybersecurity leaders advising tech and government sectors on the use of blockchain technologies to secure and streamline elections.

Recognition

  • BTI Cybersecurity Powerhouse (2020)
  • BTI CyberSavvy Law Firm (2020)
  • Chambers Global
    • Privacy & Data Security (USA) (2014 to 2020)
    • Privacy & Data Security: Healthcare Spotlight Table – Nationwide (2018 to 2020)
  • Chambers Fintech
    • Legal – USA (2018 to 2020)
  • Chambers USA
    • Advertising: Transactional & Regulatory – Nationwide (2018 to 2020)
    • Privacy & Data Security – Nationwide (2013 to 2020)
    • Privacy & Data Security: Healthcare Spotlight Table – Nationwide (2018 to 2020)
  • Chambers USA Award: “Privacy & Data Security Team of the Year” finalist (2015, 2017)
  • The Legal 500 United States
    • Media, Technology and Telecoms: Advertising and Marketing: Transactional and Regulatory (2018 to 2020)
    • Media, Technology and Telecoms: Cyber Law (2016 to 2020)
    • Media, Technology and Telecoms: Data Privacy and Data Protection (2016 to 2020)
  • Law360: Privacy "Practice Group of the Year" (2013 to 2015, 2018)

News

News

Publications

Alerts

Articles

Blog Posts

Blog

In The Blogs

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Blockchain Monitor
Crypto Investment and Payment Products Launch, BiTA Platform Announced, SEC and OFAC Take Crypto Enforcement Actions, FCA Extends AML Exemption
By Keith R. Murphy, Veronica Reynolds, Jordan R. Silversmith
June 4, 2021
In this issue: • Crypto Investment and Payments Products Launch, Payment Data Published • Acquisition Targets ‘Smart Agreements’ Tech, BiTA Platform Launched • SEC and OFAC Take Crypto Enforcement Actions, FCA Extends AML Exemption Crypto...
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Blockchain Monitor
Reports Analyze Bitcoin Price, Energy Consumption; SEC Petitioned on NFTs, NFT Platform Sued; FDIC and FATF Focus on Crypto; Hacks and Fraud Continue
By Teresa Goody Guillén, Keith R. Murphy, Veronica Reynolds, Jordan R. Silversmith, Joanna F. Wasick
May 21, 2021
In this issue: • Reports Analyze Bitcoin Price Crash and Network Energy Consumption • SEC Petitioned on NFTs, NFT Platform Sued in Class Action as More NFTs Launch • FDIC Seeks Info on Crypto, FATF Focuses on DeFi, Payment Solutions...
Read More ->
Blockchain Monitor
Market Actors Integrate Cryptocurrency into Payment and Investment Products, More NFTs Launched, SEC Staff Issues Crypto Statement, DeFi Hacked for $14M
By Teresa Goody Guillén, Robert A. Musiala Jr., Veronica Reynolds, Joanna F. Wasick
May 14, 2021
In this issue: • Market Actors Continue to Integrate Cryptocurrency into Payment Systems • US Firms Launch Bitcoin Investment Products and Enhance Crypto Offerings • Auction Houses Continue with NFT Sales, Dictionary Adds ‘Non-Fungible...
Read More ->
Blockchain Monitor
CBDC Paper Released, Crypto Firms Launch Products, NFT Craze Continues, IRS Gains Access to Crypto Records, Task Force Addresses Crypto Ransomware
By Keith R. Murphy, Robert A. Musiala Jr., Veronica Reynolds, Jordan R. Silversmith, Joanna F. Wasick
May 7, 2021
In this issue: • CBDC Paper Released, NY DFS Grants License, Study Cites Crypto Adoption • Traditional Financial Firms Launch Crypto Products, Data Shows DeFi Growth • Auction House Embraces Cryptocurrencies, NFT Sales Continue • Federal...
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Blockchain Monitor
Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Initiatives Continue in Payments, NFTs and Media; Crypto Enforcement and Threats Also Continue Across Globe
By Keith R. Murphy, Robert A. Musiala Jr., Jordan R. Silversmith, Joanna F. Wasick
April 30, 2021
In this issue: • Crypto Adoption Continues in Credit Cards, OCC Approval, Restaurant Payments • NFT Initiatives Continue, Advertising and Media Firms Integrate Cryptocurrencies • Cryptocurrency Enforcement Actions Continue in US, Turkey...
Read More ->